Jujutsu Style And Description
Jujutsu or Jujitsu to some is a Japanese close-combat martial art that concentrates on defeating an armed opponent by using only a short weapon or none at all. Jujutsu came from the two words "ju" resembing the concept of being "gentle or flexible" and "jutsu". meaning "art or technique". Jujutsu may then be described to be the "technique to be flexible in order to move out of harm's way". like how one does with a counter.
Japanese jujutsu does not concentrate on striking techniques like those practiced in Karate but instead aims to use the opponent's force against him much Although jujutsu has more emphasis on throwing, pinning down, joint-locking or stranglig, it also has striking techniques but are practiced for fatal moves on the vital points of an opponent. This is because it takes more energy to strike an armored opponent but is less effective. The point is that this energy, if used, must not be wasted on armor and should instead be fatal. There are five main arts of training in Jujutsu.
- The Art of Blocking
- The Art of the Fulcrum Throw
- The Art of the Non-Fulcrum Throw
- The Art of Escaping
- The Art of Striking
History And Origin
Jujutsu traces its roots back to the 1532 when it was founded by Hisamori Takeuchi, a military tactician who combined various Japanese close-combat martial arts. This was in order to be able to use it on the battlefield for situations where weapons were either ineffective or unavailable. He focused on Japanse close-combat martial arts techniques because these were mostly focused on throwing, immobilising, strangling and joing-locking whereas Chinese and Korean martial arts focused on striking techniques. Striking techniques would prove unusable or ineffective against an armored opponent. In its original form, jujutsu focused on parrying and counterattacking long weapons by using a small or no weapon at all.
Jujutsu continued to evolve in the 17th century during the Edo Period when the Tokugawa shogunate imposed strict laws to reduce war. During this time, weapons and armors were no longer used and were either symbolic or decorative items. The continuous relationship between China and Japan allowed the introduction of other kinds of martial arts and various striking techniques were added into jujutsu but were eventually reduced since it required too much energy while still being not so effective against armored opponents. Strikes in jujutsu became mostly targeted vital points of the human body in reference to knowledge in Chinese medicine.
It was during the 17th century as well that the tern "Jujutsu" was used to call this martial art. For a while, it became an umbrella term for all grappling-related disciplines since these kinds of martial arts didn't have a name for themselves. The disciplines that used to be included under the term jujutsu were Kumiuchi (grappling), Taijutsu (body art) and Torite (catching hand) to name a few.
The Muromachi period was the time for Japanese old-style jujutsu, which focused on a system wherein an unarmed or lightly armed warrior would fight a heavily armed and heavily armored warrior on the battlefield. This was because the samurai, as skilled as they are with their swords, were often not able to use their long swords in the battlefield. It is because of this that he would end up having to use his short sword, a dagger or bare hands. Considering that the enemies are mostly heavily armored, striking blows yould have no use and jujutsu techniques would come in handy.