An Introduction To Wushu
Wushu as a term is used to refer to "Chinese Martial Arts" but is more commonly known as both a full-contact sport and an exhibition whose competition forms were derived from traditional Chinese Martial Arts. In 1959, it was created in the People's Republic of China with an aim to nationalize the practice of traditional martial arts.
Competitive wushu may be broken down into two disciplines namely taolu and sanda/sanshou. Taolu is more concerned in forms and deals with patterns and forms of stances, kicks, punches, balances, jumps, throws and sweeps. Sanda or sanshou covers sparring and includes Chinese grappling and wrestling techniques. In a way, it appears like Muay Thai except the grappling techniques are more imminent.
A Glimpse Of Wushu's History
To form a single general body to regulate martial arts training in China, the All-China Wushu Association was formed in 1958 with the Chinese State Commission for Physical Culture and Sports spearheading the standardizing of the major arts. This included standardizing forms, teaching curriculum and instructor grading in order to create a national Wushu system. The aim was to incorporate common elements and general ideas from all styles and forms. The move turned out to be successful as combining concepts and classifications from Shaolin, Taiji, Wudang and the others into one system as led to wide spread adaptation.
In 1998, China's central sport authority, the State Sports Commission was closed as a result of changing government policies towards sports. The aim was for sports to have a more market-driven approach. Modern Wushu and Chinese traditional styles are both being promoted by the Chinese government.